By W. M. Bernstein
This publication introduces a theoretical framework for learning the brain. particularly, an test is made to border principles from psychoanalysis and cognitive-social psychology so that it will be taken simply right into a realm of neurobiology. Psychoanalytic conception nonetheless represents a truly accomplished idea of the human brain. It contains cognitive, emotional and behavioral variables, plus the assumption of subconscious psychological operations. The excitement precept and repetition compulsion have been Freud's so much basic recommendations of psychological functioning; right here, the writer renovates those recommendations to get them to paintings with rules from social cognition and neurobiology.
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Extra resources for A Basic Theory of Neuropsychoanalysis
The “Executive” also works to relate thoughts to other thoughts, feelings to other feelings, and behaviours to other behaviours. Ideally, an individual’s mind–brain system can make the best decisions in line with a pleasure principle. In trauma, unexpected sensations overwhelm the person. Protective reflexes of avoidance are activated quickly without thought. In refractory cases, traumatic, one-trial learning and stimulus generalization have taken place. Neuronal circuits supporting the avoidance behaviours fire in response to weak stimuli which only resemble the original, injurious situation in a general way.
I assume that “knowing” is potentially very pleasurable. But while the formal scientist may be largely a truth-seeker, the naïve scientist’s motive to know is a more complicated matter. This is because the individual wants not only to know and control the objective, external world but also the internal, subjective world of feeling and thought. The motivation to gain control of one’s own feeling, thoughts, and behaviours involves conscious and unconscious “habits of thought”. Explicit, conscious awareness sits in-between threats and pleasures coming from both the external world and from “the rest of the mind and body”, that is, the parts out of awareness.
Cognition is a reprocessing of raw sensations or somewhat more organized perceptions. Cognition involves the control of attention and assumptions or beliefs that may or may not be conscious. While the brain automatically processes sensation via certain perceptual rules such as the Weber–Fechner Law, the cognitive system adds an extra perspective on sensation. This extra level of processing allows the person to modify and control behaviour in a more sophisticated fashion than would be possible via mere instinctual, hardwired responses to the world.
A Basic Theory of Neuropsychoanalysis by W. M. Bernstein